On August 1st 2012, “CCES” was established to investigate systematically novel emerging phenomena of correlated electron materials.


Workshop on Oxide Heterostructures 2017
안녕하십니까. Workshop on Oxide Heterostructures 2017 이 8월30일 수에 서...
2016 new employment
-ProfessorBohm JungYang (January 1st~) -ProfessorYong-il Shin(January 1st~) http://phya...
2015 new employment
- Associate director Prof. Je-Geun Park is leading group II, the Emergent Phenomena group. (September 1st~) ...

CCES Seminar CCES Seminar

Controlling the electronic structure of two-dimensional semiconductors in the real space and ultrafast time domains
Prof. Soren Ulstrup(Aarhus University) 2017-12-11 16:00~
Magnetic oscillations in cuprate superconductors: measures of Fermi surface reconstruction or interlayer coupling?
Prof. Timothy Ziman(Institut Laue Langevin and LPMMC, CNRS Grenoble, France) 2017-11-16 16:00~

Selected Publications Selected Publications

The first known magnetic mineral, magnetite, has unusual properties, which have fascinated mankind for centuries; it undergoes the Verwey transition around 120 K with an abrupt change in structure and electrical conductivity. The mechanism of the Verwey transition, however, remains contentious. Here we use resonant inelastic X-ray scattering over a wide temperature range across the Verwey transition to identify and separate out the magnetic excitations derived from nominal Fe2+ and Fe3+ states. Comparison of the experimental results with crystal-field multiplet calculations shows that the spin–orbital dd excitons of the Fe2+ sites arise from a tetragonal Jahn-Teller active polaronic distortion of the Fe2+O6 octahedra. These low-energy excitations, which get weakened for temperatures above 350 K but persist at least up to 550 K, are distinct from optical excitations and are best explained as magnetic polarons.
Magnetism in two-dimensional materials is not only of fundamental scientific interest but also a promising candidate for numerous applications. However, studies so far, especially the experimental ones, have been mostly limited to the magnetism arising from defects, vacancies, edges, or chemical dopants which are all extrinsic effects. Here, we report on the observation of intrinsic antiferromagnetic ordering in the two-dimensional limit. By monitoring the Raman peaks that arise from zone folding due to antiferromagnetic ordering at the transition temperature, we demonstrate that FePS3 exhibits an Ising-type antiferromagnetic ordering down to the monolayer limit, in good agreement with the Onsager solution for two-dimensional order–disorder transition. The transition temperature remains almost independent of the thickness from bulk to the monolayer limit with TN ∼ 118 K, indicating that the weak interlayer interaction has little effect on the antiferromagnetic ordering.
The superconducting transition temperature (TC) in a FeSe monolayer on SrTiO3 is enhanced up to 100 K. High TC is also found in bulk iron chalcogenides with similar electronic structure to that of monolayer FeSe, which suggests that higher TC may be achieved through electron doping, pushing the Fermi surface (FS) topology towards leaving only electron pockets. Such an observation, however, has been limited to chalcogenides, and is in contrast to the iron pnictides, for which the maximum TC is achieved with both hole and electron pockets forming considerable FS nesting instability. Here, we report angle-resolved photoemission characterization revealing a monotonic increase of TC from 24 to 41.5 K upon surface doping on optimally doped Ba(Fe1−xCox)2As2. The doping changes the overall FS topology towards that of chalcogenides through a rigid downward band shift. Our findings suggest that higher electron doping and concomitant changes in FS topology are favourable conditions for the superconductivity, not only for iron chalcogenides, but also for iron pnictides.
Ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) have attracted increasing research interest as a promising candidate for nonvolatile memories. Recently, significant enhancements of tunneling electroresistance (TER) have been realized through modifications of electrode materials. However, direct control of the FTJ performance through modifying the tunneling barrier has not been adequately explored. Here, adding a new direction to FTJ research, we fabricated FTJs with BaTiO3 single barriers (SB-FTJs) and BaTiO3/SrTiO3 composite barriers (CB-FTJs) and reported a systematic study of FTJ performances by varying the barrier thicknesses and compositions. For the SB-FTJs, the TER is limited by pronounced leakage current for ultrathin barriers and extremely small tunneling current for thick barriers. For the CB-FTJs, the extra SrTiO3 barrier provides an additional degree of freedom to modulate the barrier potential and tunneling behavior. The resultant high tunability can be utilized to overcome the barrier thickness limits and enhance the overall CB-FTJ performances beyond those of SB-FTJ. Our results reveal a new paradigm to manipulate the FTJs through designing multilayer tunneling barriers with hybrid functionalities.